Latest update: 2015
“The Latino Medical Student Association (LMSA) shall not discriminate on the basis of race, religion, color, sex, age, sexual orientation, national origin, status as a veteran, gender identity, or handicap in recruitment, admission to membership, or access thereof, or treatment in its programs and activities.”
The name of the organization is The Latino Medical Student Association, hereinafter called “LMSA” or the “Corporation.”
The principal offices of the Corporation shall be in: 113 South Monroe St, 1st Floor. Tallahassee, FL 32301
1.3 Registered Agent
The Board shall have the authority to appoint/change the registered agent and change the location of registered offices in the state of incorporation and any other state in which the Corporation conducts business.
The Corporation is organized primarily for such purposes as to be within the meaning of Section 501(c) 3 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, with its primary purposes:
- Providing support and guidance to Latino and Hispanic medical students in the United States;
- Providing education programs for Latino and Hispanic medical students in the United States;
- Promoting biomedical and health services research, including cultural competence and language issues, for members of the Hispanic community in the United States and to address the health care needs of this community;
- Developing interest in Hispanic health policy research by Latino and Hispanic medical students in the United States;
- Encouraging Latino and Hispanic college students to pursue careers in medicine and health care services which address the health care needs of members of Hispanic community in the United States;
- the conduct of any other activities related to the above-stated purposes, including the promotion of charitable, religious, educational and scientific purposes, including, for such purposes, the making of distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax laws. The Corporation may engage in such means as may be necessary and proper to accomplish the foregoing objectives and purposes. The Corporation is organized and operated exclusively for such purposes as to come within the meaning of IRC Section 501(c)(3) and such other sections of the Code regulating the activities of nonprofit corporations established primarily for educational and charitable purposes. No part of the net earnings of the Corporation shall inure to the benefit of or be distributed to its Directors, officers, other private individuals, or other organizations organized and operated for a profit (except that the Corporation shall be authorized and empowered to pay reasonable compensation for services rendered and to make payments and distributions in furtherance of the provisions as herein above stated). No substantial part of the activities of the Corporation shall be carrying on of propaganda or otherwise attempting to influence legislation. The Corporation, however, shall be empowered to make the election authorized under IRC Section 501(h). The Corporation shall not participate in nor intervene in (including the publication and distribution of statements) in any campaign on behalf of or in opposition to any candidate for public office. Notwithstanding any other provisions contained herein, the Corporation shall not carry on any activities not permitted to be carried on by any organization exempt from federal income taxation under IRC Section 501(a) as an organization described in Section 501(c) 3.
2.1 Membership Categories
There shall be three categories of LMSA members:
- Medical and Allied Health Professional Students (Full Members);
- Interns, Residents, Physicians, and other Allied Health Professionals (Affiliate Members);
- Premedical and Allied Health Pre-Professional Students (Associate Members). Any revisions to the structure of membership classes shall be established by resolution of the Board from time to time.
2.2 Full Members
Medical and Allied Health Professional Students have the right to full membership if currently enrolled in or on leave of absence from an accredited U.S. or Puerto Rican allopathic or osteopathic medical school, or other school of the allied health professions, and are a member of a regional organization or chapter, provided, they have:
- A serious interest in the profession of medicine and/or allied health and the objectives of LMSA
- Attended at least one regional and/or chapter meeting; and
- Possess no malevolence or intention of disrupting the functions and purposes of LMSA.
No medical or allied health professional student shall be excluded from full membership on the basis of religion, race, ethnicity, sex or sexual preference.
Full Members shall have the right to participate in their respective local chapters and regional sections according to the constitution and bylaws of their respective organizations.
Full Members may campaign for positions on the LMSA Board, and/or hold an appointed seat or chairmanship on a committee or taskforce established by the LMSA Board.
Full Members are expected to be active and attend local chapter meetings, regional section meetings, and the Corporation’s annual conference. It is recognized that studies and examinations are priorities for all Full Members.
2.3 Affiliate Members
All interns, residents, physicians, or other allied health professionals in the United States or Puerto Rico , who demonstrate a strong interest in the profession of medicine and the objectives of LMSA, shall be eligible to become Affiliate Members.
Affiliate Members are ineligible to be elected to the positions of the Board. They may, however, participate in LMSA, for example, by holding a specially assigned committee chair, leading a task force or sitting on an appointed committee.
Affiliate Members are expected to represent LMSA in a professional and dignified manner.
No interns, residents, physicians, or other allied health professionals shall be excluded from affiliate membership on the basis of religion, race, ethnicity, sex or sexual preference.
2.4 Associate Members
All students currently matriculated in a U.S. or Puerto Rican undergraduate institution, who are enrolled in pre-medical or allied health pre-professional coursework, are eligible to become Associate Members.
Pre-medical and allied health pre-professional student members shall not be eligible to be elected to the Board, hold a committee chair or lead an assigned task force. They may sit on a committee, if appointed by the Board, and may attend regional meetings and the Corporation’s annual conference. No premedical or allied health pre-professional student shall be excluded from associate membership on the basis of religion, race, ethnicity, sex or sexual preference.
The Corporation shall develop and maintain relationships with other organizations established for similar or complementary purposes, including, but not limited to, the National Hispanic Medical Association, the American Medical Association and the National Medical Association.3. CHAPTERS
Any group comprised of at least one medical student in any medical school in the United States or Puerto Rico may qualify as a chapter. The qualifier(s) shall contact their regional officers and abide by their regional constitution and bylaws in order to qualify as a LMSA chapter. There shall not be more than one LMSA chapter at any medical school campus.
Affiliate Members and Associate Members may attend chapter meetings. They are welcome to join their respective regional meetings as well as the LMSA annual conference.
3.2 Chapter Membership
The chapters shall accept all people who meet LMSA membership criteria and who attend their respective school. The chapters may request dues in order to support local or regional efforts. The chapters shall be vested with the power to suspend or expel their members, so long as such suspension is consistent with their regional constitution and bylaws.4. REGIONAL SECTIONS
LMSA shall be comprised of five (5) Regional Sections with their respective chapters and future chapters listed below.
REGION 1: LMSA NORTHEAST
Includes the states of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Washington DC, and Vermont.
REGION 2: LMSA West
Includes the states of Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
REGION 3: LMSA Southeast
Includes the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, and Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia.
REGION 4: LMSA Midwest
Includes the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, and South Dakota.
REGION 5: LMSA Southwest Includes the states of Arkansas, Colorado, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.
4.2 Regional Sections Relationship with LMSA
LMSA will respect all regional sections and their respective constitutions and bylaws, and give deference to the independence and autonomy of each Regional Section, subject to the general provisions of these By-laws. Any disputes between or among Regional Sections shall be brought before and resolved by the Board, with interested members having the right to participate, but not vote in the resolution.
The Board by a two thirds vote may nevertheless resolve conflicts or inconsistencies between the LMSA and the Regional Sections or between or among Regional Sections, which decisions shall be binding upon and applicable to the respective Regional Sections.
4.3 At Large Chapters
Each individual school located in the states listed above may have one chapter, which shall fall under the jurisdiction of the applicable Regional Section. If for any reason, a local chapter is unable to qualify for membership in a Regional Section, it may maintain its own identity and will be accepted into LMSA, its members also being LMSA members. Such “at large” chapter, however, shall not be represented on the LMSA Board, either directly or indirectly.5. GOVERNING BODY
5.1 Board of Directors
The property and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed and controlled by the Board of Directors (the “Board”), which shall initially be composed of:
Ten (10) members, two of each appointed by the five Regional Sections in accordance with their respective constitutions and bylaws, provided, however, that eligibility for membership on the Board shall be limited to Full Members of LMSA, as set forth in Section 2.2 of these Bylaws.
B. Non-Voting members
- Executive Director
- National President
- Vice Chair of Internal Affairs
- Vice Chair of External Affairs
- Chief Financial Officer
- Chief Informational Officer
- Chairpersons of National Committees
- mmediate Past President, serving immediately following his/her expired term.
The numbers of Directors may be increased or decreased and representation on the Board may be changed by a two thirds vote of the Directors then in office.
The Board shall retain complete control and discretion over all aspects of the Corporation. No agreement with respect to the grant or expenditure of any funds of the Corporation shall be valid or enforceable without authorization and approval of the Board.
5.2 Election and Term of Office of Directors
The terms for each of the Directors elected to the Board shall be one (1) year, commencing at the NHMA Conference (or by May 1 of each calendar year), or as soon thereafter as each Regional Section shall have elected its two representatives to the Board.
Any vacancy occurring in the Board for any reason shall be filled by the Regional Section represented by the vacancy for the remaining term of the vacancy.
Any Director may be removed by the Regional Section represented by the Director, in accordance with procedures set forth in the respective Regional Section’s constitution and bylaws.6 COMMITTEES
6.1 Corporate Advisory Committee
The Board may establish an advisory committee, to be composed of representatives of corporations and other organizations, such as foundations and nonprofit charitable and educational organizations, supportive of the Corporation’s goals and purposes. Such committee will operate in a manner established by resolution of the Board and shall meet periodically to propose strategies and actions to the Board and advise and assist the Board in furthering the goals and purposes of the Corporation. The role of this committee is advisory only, and nothing in these Bylaws is intended to remove any authority to govern the Corporation from the Board. The members of the advisory committee shall be selected by the Board for such terms as the Board shall from time to time determine. The National President shall be an ex officio member of the advisory committee.
6.2 Executive Committee
Executive Committee (EC) shall be empowered to oversee the daily business operations of the LMSA. All decisions of the Executive Committee shall be subject to approval by the BOD.
- The Executive Committee shall be comprised of the following Members of the Board of Directors:
- Voting Members
- The President
- Vice Chair of Internal Affairs
- Vice Chair of External Affairs
- The Chief Financial Officer
- The Chief Informational Officer
- Non-voting Members
- Executive Director (he/she may vote to create or break a tie in the voting)
- Voting Members
- The Executive Committee shall have the authority and responsibility to delegate certain responsibilities to the Executive Director, as appropriate, for the successful conduct of organizational affairs but not in conflict with this Constitution.
- There shall be regular meetings of the Executive Committee, at least once a month.
- A quorum of the Executive Committee shall consist of three (3) Voting Members.
6.3 National Committees
The LMSA shall have the following National Committees, namely:
- Community Service
- External Policy
- Internal Policy
6.3.2 Committee Leadership
All National Committee Chairpersons and subcommittee coordinators, excluding the Elections and Finance committees, shall be appointed by the President and ratified by the Board of Directors, after a formal presentation to the Board of Directors.
6.3.3 Elections Committee
The LMSA Elections Committee shall be composed of the National President, Vice President of Internal Affairs, Immediate Past President and Chief Informational Officers. The National President will serve as the Chair of the Elections Committee.
6.4 Additional Committees
The Board, from time to time, may create such committees, with such membership, powers and duties, as may be deemed necessary or advisable in conduct the activities and affairs of the Corporation. Such committees may include, but are not limited to program and policy advisory, administration, research, and/or fundraising committees. The National President shall be an ex officio member of all committees.
6.3 Terms of Office and Procedures
The terms of office and procedures by which committees shall work will be determined by the Board at the time such committees are created. Procedures may be modified by the Board from time to time.
The officers of the Corporation shall be the Executive Director, National President, Vice Chair of Internal Affairs, Vice Chair of External Affairs, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Information Officer as elected by the Board. All offices shall be filled by separate Full Members.
7.2 Election and Term of Office
The officers shall be elected by the Board at its annual meeting. Each officer shall hold office until the next annual meeting of the Board, until his/her term as Director expires, or until his/her successor is elected and qualified, or until his/her earlier death, resignation, or removal.
7.2.1 National Elections
National elections will be held during the National Conference after the Annual meeting of the Executive Directors.
Nominations will be held beginning the month prior to the National Conference. Any national member LMSA can be nominated for any position on the Board with the exception of National President. Nominees for National President must have already served one (1) year on the National Board. National elections will follow Robert’s Rules of Order unless otherwise specified. National elections will be held in the order as follows:
- National President
- Vice Chair of Internal Affairs
- Vice Chair of External Affairs
- Chief Financial Officer
- Chief Informational Officer
- The order of elections may be modified by a two-thirds (2/3) vote by the Voting body.
- Fifty percent (50%) plus one (1) vote will determine an election. If no candidate receives fifty percent (50%) plus one (1) vote a runoff, for that position between the two (2) top candidates is required.
7.2.2 Meetings and Voting
Within the term of a Board (as defined from one national conference to the end of the next national conference) a similar proposal as defined as containing the same intent or outcome cannot be submitted twice for voting per Board term.
- The proposed item(s) to be voted upon will be emailed to all members of the national board. There can be no discussion of the items and no amendments to the item(s). If discussion or amendments to the proposed item(s) needs to be made, the original proposal should be voted “No” and a new proposal placed in new business in the next meeting of the national board.
- Voting members will have 72 hours to reply “Yes” or “No” on the proposal. If the voting member does not reply in this amount of time an abstention will be assumed. Board members can reply to all members listed on the email or to the Chief Informational Officer and National President.
- Email voting will be included in the minutes of the previous meeting and announced at the next meeting of the national board prior to old business.
Officers should follow the instructions of their duties established in the Policies and Procedures Manual
A vacancy in any office because of death, resignation, removal, disqualification or otherwise, may be filled by the Board for the unexpired portion of the term.
The LMSA Board may remove any Officer whose election is subject to these bylaws from any elected office for cause. Any officer may be dismissed by a two thirds vote of the Directors then in office8. MEETINGS
8.1 Annual Meeting of the Board
The Annual Meeting of the Board shall be held contemporaneously with the Annual Membership Meeting or at such other place and time as may be designated in the notice of meeting, for the purpose of electing officers, appointing committees and engaging in other business of the Corporation.
8.2 Other Board Meetings
In addition to the Annual Meeting, the Board shall meet at least two other times per year, and no less frequently that once per semester. Other meetings of the Board may be called at any time by the National President or by any two Directors. Such meetings shall be held at the principal office of the Corporation or at such other place and time as the Board may determine.
8.3 Notice of Meetings of the Board
Notice of each meeting, stating the time and place thereof shall be given to each Director by email or personal delivery at least three (3) days before the meeting. Any meeting of the Board may be held without notice if all the Directors then in office are present.
8.4 Quorum Board Meetings
At any meeting of the Board, a majority of the Directors then in office shall constitute a quorum. Less than a quorum may adjourn the meeting from time to time until a quorum is present. Except as otherwise provided by law or in these Bylaws, any business may be transacted at any meetings of the Board at which a quorum is present, and the act of a majority of Directors present at a meeting at which there is a quorum shall constitute the act of the Board.
8.5 Action by Consent
Any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the Board may be taken without a meeting if written consent to such action is signed by two thirds (2/3) of the Directors and such written consent is filed in the Minute Book of the corporation.
8.6 Meeting by Conference Call, Videoconferencing, etc.
The Board may conduct its meeting by any means by which all Directors participating in the meeting can communicate with each other at the same time. Participation by such means shall constitute presence at such meetings.
Attendance at a regular or special meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice, except where a Director states that he/she is attending for the purpose of objecting to the conduct of business on the ground that the meeting was not lawfully called or convened.
8.9 Annual Membership Meeting
The annual meeting of Members shall be held in the Spring each year, at a location selected on a rotating basis.9. FINANCE
9.1 Authority to Receive and Disburse
The Corporation may receive and disburse funds for such purposes as are within the scope of its purposes and powers. The Corporation, upon acceptance of funds designated for a specific purpose, shall expend and administer such funds for the purposes specified.
9.2 Annual Budgets
The Board shall formulate and approve an annual budget based upon recommendations of the Treasurer, which shall be drawn up in accordance with accepted accounting standards.
9.3 Deposits and Investments
The funds of the Corporation may be deposited in such banks or other financial institutions as may be designated by the Board, and such funds which are not required for current needs may, subject to the limitations and conditions contained in any gift, devise or bequest, be invested in such mortgages, bonds, debentures, shares of preferred or common stock or other securities, and in such other manner as the Board may direct in conformity with the law.
Financial transactions of the Corporation and its books and accounts may be audited from time to time by a certified public accountant, selected by the Board.
All checks, drafts and money orders for the payment of money of the Corporation shall be signed by such officers and agents with such number of signatures as the Board may specify by resolution.
9.6 Withdrawal of Securities
Securities of the Corporation deposited in any safe deposit box or held by a custodian shall be subject to withdrawal for corporate purposes by such person or persons as may be determined from time to time by the Board.
10.1 Fiscal Year
The fiscal year of the Corporation shall begin on January 1 and end on December 31.
10.2 Waiver of Notice
Any notice required to be given by these Bylaws may be waived by the person entitled thereto.
10.3 Corporate Dissolution
Upon the dissolution of the Corporation, the Board shall, after paying or making provisions for the payment of all the liabilities of the Corporation, dispose of all the assets of the Corporation exclusively for the purposes of the Corporation in such manner, or to such organization or organizations organized and operated exclusively for charitable, educational, religious or scientific purposes as shall at the time qualify as an exempt organization or organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue Law), as the Board shall determine. Any such assets not so disposed of shall be disposed of by the Court of Competent Jurisdiction of the county in which the principal office of the Corporation is then located, exclusively for such purposes or to such organization or organizations, as said Court shall determine, which are organized and operated exclusively for such purposes.
10.4 Books and Records
The Corporation shall keep correct and complete books and records of account and shall also keep minutes of the proceedings of its Board and its committees.
The Corporation shall indemnify each member of the Board and its officers to the fullest extent permitted by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware. Where the Corporation must make certain investigations on a case-by-case basis prior to indemnification, the Corporation hereby obligates itself to pursue such cases diligently, it being the specific intention of these Bylaws to indemnify each such person it may indemnify to the fullest extent permitted by law.
10.6 Common or Interested Officers and Directors
The officers and Directors shall exercise their powers and duties in good faith and with a view toward the best interests of the Corporation. All contracts or other transactions between the Corporation and one or more or its officers or Directors, or between the Corporation and any entity in which one or more of the officers or Directors of the Corporation are officers or directors, or are pecuniarily or otherwise interested, shall be disclosed to the full
Board in accordance with the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware.
The Corporation shall retain the right to copyright any materials or products produced or published under its auspices. Such products may be published and marketed only by LMSA unless otherwise agreed to by the Board. The author(s) may continue to use and reproduce the product for personal use, and will retain propriety rights other than copyright, provided that:
- Such use disclaims any LMSA endorsement
- All sources, LMSA copyright, and the copyright date are disclosed and
- Such copies are not offered for sale.
The Corporation may require recipients of project funds to sign a copyright release form approved by the Board.
These Bylaws may be altered, amended, or repealed or new Bylaws may be adopted by the Board at any regular or special meeting of the Board if notice of such alteration, amendment, repeal or adoption of new Bylaws be contained in the notice of such meeting.
10.9 Policies and Procedures Manual
The Board of Directors shall establish a Policies and Procedures Manual with explicit instruction for the performance of duties for all Members of the Board of Directors and all regular functions of the LMSA. No decision of the Executive Committee or Board of Directors shall contradict the Policies and Procedures Manual except through the formal Amendment process. The Policies and Procedures Manual shall be amended upon approval of two-thirds (2/3) of the BOD.